Marker is a long sparse newspaper which contains all necessary pattern pieces for different sizes for a detail manner of garments. It is planned inwards such a agency that textile wastage would live least.
By making a mark it is possible to attain to a greater extent than exercise goodness past times producing a garment amongst reduced wastage. Normally the width of a mark is kept according to the cutable width of the textile together with the length of a mark usually depends on the release together with sizes of pattern placed on a marker.
The length too depends on-
Number of garments to live produced from a spread lay
Length of cutting tabular array
Production planning etc.
For marker making, white newspaper or newsprint newspaper is used. At showtime all large patterns are placed on the marker. After that modest sized patterns are placed inwards betwixt the gaps of large patterns. In this agency higher mark efficiency tin live achieved. To create a mark amongst improve efficiency, a rattling efficient maker is required.
Fig: Marker planningObjectives of this study:
To utilization the to the lowest degree amount of textile to create a garment together with brand manufacture profitable every time.
To cutting huge amount of textile inwards brusk time.
To calculate the consumption for a detail style.
To cutting large amount of textile using less people.
To cutting the textile amongst perfection according to the measurement.
To brand a perfect production plan.
Points should live considered earlier mark planning:
Fabric width must live higher than the mark width
Fabric length must live higher than the mark length
When the pattern pieces are set downwards on the layer of fabric, the grain employment should live parallel to the employment of the warp inwards a woven textile together with wales inwards a knit fabric. Where pattern pieces are set across the layer, the grain employment is kept parallel to weft/course.
All the pattern pieces of a garment should live along the same management when set downwards on an asymmetric fabric.
Length of cutting tabular array should live considered.
For efficient mark planning, it is required to ensure the next things:
One should easily run into the total length.
To know virtually the appropriate width of the fabric.
The mark starts amongst the large pattern pieces. Then fits the smaller pieces inwards the gap of the larger pieces. Thus the textile wastage is minimized together with efficiency is increased. (It is the mutual technique)
After that the patterns are shuffled inwards diverse directions to trim down the mark length. It too helps to increment mark efficiency.
Requirements of mark planning:
Marker planning is to a greater extent than of a creative, intuitive together with conceptualizing procedure rather than a technical 1 together with in that location is no lastly final result for a mark planning. The primary utilization is to create a shortest mark past times considering all the practical together with technical constraints. The constraints inwards making a shortest mark are related to
Fabric characteristics together with the blueprint requirement inwards the finished garment
Fabric feature together with the blueprint requirement inwards finished garment:
1. Alignment of patterns amongst honour to textile grain – All the patterns inwards the mark excogitation should live kept such that the grain employment inwards the pattern should live parallel to the textile selvedge for improve hanging together with draping of garments.
2. Fabric symmetry together with asymmetry – If the confront together with dorsum side of the fabrics cause got a like appearance, thence they are called ‘two-way’ or ‘symmetrical’ fabrics together with it does non warrant whatever exceptional requirement spell mark planning. The asymmetric textile where the confront together with dorsum are different needs some attending during mark planning. Examples of asymmetric fabrics are those having a nap or pile. More complicated fabrics are ‘one way’ or ‘asymmetrical’. These kinds of fabrics cause got a surface pile or a impress blueprint that has a recognizable object which tin alone live used 1 way.
3. Design requirements inwards lastly garment – Design aspects of lastly garments too cause got to live considered spell mark planning to overstep away a improve visual appearance of the finished garment. For instance, if a vertical stripe inwards a garment does non exhibit a consummate replica of a repeat on the correct together with left panels of garment it looks awkward.
Methods of Marker Planning:
Marker tin live made either inwards i) Manual method or inwards ii) Computerized method.
In our clothe lab nosotros performed amongst manual methods.
Manual mark planning:
It is the conventional mark planning method together with is nonetheless used past times the garment industries where they brand unmarried garment markers. The mark planner plant easily past times moving to a greater extent than or less the full-size patterns until an acceptable mark excogitation is obtained. Multiple copies of the mark are usually required, which tin live done past times reproducing the master copy mark amongst a arrive at of duplicating methods.
In this method, all patterns are inwards total dimension according to measure measurement.
Hard patterns are placed on newspaper or on textile together with thence all patterns are marked past times turning different management to minimize the textile usage.
The tables, on which the markers are placed, are arranged inwards such a agency thence that they exercise no tilt.
Efficiency of a marker:
Marker efficiency refers to textile utilization together with is defined equally the percent of the total textile that is genuinely utilized inwards garment components. It depends on how closely the patterns are arranged inwards the marker; that is, length of marker. The mark efficiency is defined past times the formula equally given below:
Area of patterns inwards the mark excogitation
Marker Efficiency (%) = ------------------------------------------------------------
Total expanse of the mark
The influencing factors for the mark efficiency are characteristics of fabric, profile/shape of the pattern pieces together with grain requirements.
In this experiment efficient mark planning is done without whatever experimental error. Using the to the lowest degree amount of textile to create a garment together with brand Industry profitable every fourth dimension nosotros cause got to know the mark planning . For this experiment was done rattling carefully .